I. The Republic and Augustan Period
Eurysaches and Atistia from the Baker's tomb
Rome, Italy

Compare their appearance with the reclining couple on a sarcophagus lid from Vulci (R&R, fig. 1.25)

Funerary relief
Lucius Antistius Sarculo and his wife Antistia Plutia
c. 30-10 BC
Found in Rome
Antistia Sarculo, who married one of his freedwomen, was a member of the Salian order of priests responsible for the ceremonies marking the opening and closing of military campaign season. The relief was dedicated by two freedmen in recongnition of his merit.
British Museum, London, England (inv. no. GR 1858.8-19-2)
Funerary relief
Ampudius Philomusus, freedman of Lucius and his wife and daughter
c. 15 BC-AD5
Found near Porta Capena, Rome
Despite his Greek name, Philomusus is portrayed in Roman Republican style. His wife and daughter follow Augustan fashion in hairstyle. The heads are flanked by modii (corn measures) indicating the trade to which Philomusus belonged.
British Museum, London, Enlgand (inv. no. GR 1920-2-20.1)

Vigna Codini Columbaria
Rome, Italy

Columbarium at the Villa Doria Pamphili
Outside the Porta di San Pancrazio on the Janiculum Hill, Rome, Italy

Notice how some of the niches have been personalized.

Columbarium of Pomponius Hylas

II. The Empire

Isola Sacra (various views)

The above-ground mausolea at this site are so well preserved because they were covered in sand for centuries, caused by the silting of the Tiber river. Notice the banqueting couches for recline dining and the well-head outside the entrance to one of the mausolea. What purpose would the well have served?

Formerly aboveground tombs below the fourth century church of St. Sebastian.

Notice the stairway the descends to a lower level, below ground and the elaborate stucco work. Why would a tomb be decorated so well?

III. The Early Christian Period
Catacomb of Pamphilus gallery with sealed cubicula (left)
Cubiculum with plastered surface and painted inscription identifying the deceased (right)