Early Christian Church Decoration


Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome
-conscious embracing of classical past in the buildings commissioned by Pope Sixtus III (432-440)
-use of spolia

-O.T. in nave: Abraham and Isaac on the left; Moses and Joshua on the right
-Triumphal Arch (a term used since Carolingian period): Christological cycle

det. Mechisedek and Abraham (Gen 14:14-20)
       The Vision of Abraham at the Tree of Mamre (Gen 18:1-5)
       Moses Parting the Red Sea (Ex. 13:14 ff.)
       Taking of Jericho (Joshua 6:1-25)
       Christological scenes in triumphal arch
             -det. Annunciation, Nativity, Massacre of the Innocent

Santa Sabina, Rome
-built under the pontificate of Celestine I (pope 422-432) by a Salmatian priest named Peter of Illyria
-it was completed under Sixtus III (432-440)

sta pud
Santa Pudenziana, Rome
Christ in Majesty, early fifth century

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