Constantine and the Triumph of Christianity


Colossal Constantine, Rome
-See Basilica Nova for context and reconstruction

Basilica Nova, Roma
-colossal statue of Constantine sat in the apse of this structure, functioning as a lauratron

Arch of Constantine, Rome

Forum of Trajan, Rome
-Basilica Ulpia is a great example of secular basilica

Audience Hall, Trier, Germany
-basilicas were used for law courts, banks, and other civic buildings. They were also audience halls.


Basilica Constantiniana (St. John Lateran), Rome
-first large Christian place of worship to be built in Rome
-perhaps forerunner to transept seen in this building

Lateran Baptistry (in and out), Rome

St. Peter’s sat on top of an aboveground cemetery where St. Peter was buried in a humble grave
-refer to remains from Isola Sacra (Christian Art Before the Peace of the Church) to see what a similar aboveground cemetery would have looked like.

Location of St. Peter’s place of martyrdom and burial
-near the Circus of Caligula where the martydom took place

Restored view (a), plan (b), and section (c) of Old Saint Peter’s, Rome, Italy, begun ca. 320. (The restoration of the forecourt is conjectural.)

Reconstruction of the apse of Old St. Peter’s with the shrine over the Apostle’s tomb after it had been encased by Constantine in marble and porphyry and surrounded by four ornate columns.

Drawings of Old St. Peter’s by Jacopo Grimaldi, 1619

S. Agnese, Rome
-note Sta. Costanza
-cf. similar structure above the catacomb of Peter and Marcellinus, Rome

s costaza planss costanza int
s costanza mosaicunswept floor
porph sarc

Santa Costanza, Rome (elevation and groundplan reconstruction), interior, mosaic details from the annular barrel vault including unswept floor)

Porphyry sarcophagus that once stood in the middle (where altar is today)
marc pete
Reconstruction of the basilica of Saints Marcellinus and Peter  (c. 320) with adjacent mausoleum of St. Helen (c. 324-326)
junius bassus

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 AD
-as with catacomb painting you need to be able to discuss programmatic meaning

Sarcophagus of the Two Brothers, mid fourth century
bresciabrescia det

Brescia Casket, ivory, third quarter fourth century, Brescia, Italy
-Aninias and Saphira (detail)

mariesnic sym

The Maries at the Sepulchre, ivory panel, Rome, late fourth c., Milan Italy

Nicomachi and Symmachi diptych, c. 388-401, 11 3/4”
-consider workshop practice and a varied clientele

Projecta’s Casket, Rome, late  fourth century, London, British Museum, c. 11 x 21 x 16”
const walls

Land Walls, c. 412-413, Theodosius II, Constantinople (Istanbul)
-be sure to consult your textbook with regard to Constantinople

Missorium of Theodosius, 388, silver with silver gilt, c 29” diameter, Mainz, Germany
-cf. the architectural setting with the peristyle of Diocletian's Palace at Split (where Diocletian would appear beneath arcuated lintel)
obelisk base

Obelisk Base, 390, 13’ 1”, marble, Constantinople (Istanbul)
-be sure to consult your textbook

Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem
-result of Helen's pilgrimmage in c. 325-6


Church of the Holy Sepulchre and Anastasis Rotunda, Jerusalem
-be clear on the various ways in which congregational space and memorial space are handled in the Early Christian period
Qal’at Si’man, east of Antioch, Syria, c. 470
-detail of the south facade (what form does this facade emulate and what symbolism goes with that?)
-see your textbook on pilgrimmage in general and on this monument in particular

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